Have you heard about Einkorn? It's an ancient grain that's been making a comeback in recent years due to it's nutritional value.
If you want to learn how to bake bread with this fascinating grain, then come along with me on a journey to discover more about the grain of the ancients.
Seed Heads and Wheat Berries
I started experimenting with Einkorn in early 2011. One of the main reasons I became interested in this wheat is that it can sometimes be tolerated by those with wheat sensitivities.
I love history, especially the history of wheat, so along the way, I’ve become enamored with this grain. My journey is taking me into areas I would never have imagined I would go. Recently, I traveled to Tuscany, one of the places where the wheat is grown, to find out more about baking with it.
Einkorn is from the species Triticum monococcum. Originally from the Fertile Crescent area, it is thought to be the first wheat cultivated by man over 12,000 years ago. It moved from the Fertile Crescent area to Eastern Europe and eventually to the Italian Alps where it was found in 1991 with the frozen remains of Ötzi the Iceman. They examined his last meal and it contained meat, roots, berries and einkorn wheat.
This grain has been making a comeback because of its high protein content and the fact that it grows easily on minimal amounts of land and in adverse conditions. After all of these centuries, it has remained a pure wheat. In fact, it’s the only wheat that has not been hybridized. It has 14 chromosomes compared to 42 chromosomes in modern wheat.
Like other varieties of ancient wheat, it is hulled, which means it has a protective layer that stays intact when it is harvested. The protective layer has to be removed before milling which requires an extra step and additional time. As a result, the yield for this type of wheat is lower than the yields for modern wheat.
Breads made with this ancient grain are light and creamy in color and have a rich flavor similar to whole wheat flour, but not as bitter.
Since Einkorn's gluten structure has not been altered over the years, it is more easily digestible than modern wheat, but this makes it a little trickier to bake with. Dough made with this flour is very extensible, but because the gluten is weaker, it requires a shorter mixing and kneading cycle than with regular bread flour.
Slight adjustments to the hydration level (flour-to-water ratio) and the amount of yeast are also necessary when baking bread with this wheat. As a general rule, the hydration amount should be reduced by 20% for breads made with all-purpose einkorn and about 15% for the whole wheat flour.
This ancient wheat is also very nutritious. It contains higher levels of protein (22.83% vs. modern hard red wheat-14.5%), essential fatty acids, phosphorous, potassium, riboflavin, pyridoxine (B6), lutein and beta-carotene (lutein) than modern wheat.
Currently, the largest grower of Einkorn is Jovial Foods. You can find all-purpose flour, whole grain berries and pasta products on their web site. There are other growers and suppliers, but Jovial Foods is the largest one at the moment. You can also find information about this ancient grain on Einkorn.com.
Ancient Grain Tartine - Includes Spelt and KAMUT
Bread made with an overnight sponge - Basic whole wheat bread using freshly milled flour and an overnight sponge.
Cape Seed bread in a Lekue Baker - Bread chock full of seeds and nutrition.
Classic Sandwich Bread - Sandwich loaf made with all-purpose Einkorn flour.
Einkorn & Spelt Sourdough - With Caramelized Onions & Rosemary baked in a ceramic bread baker.
Levain with an overnight poolish - Whole Wheat Bread made with an overnight poolish.
Normandy Apple Bread - Sourdough bread made with dried apples, apple cider, bread flour and ancient grain flour.
Oatmeal Bread Machine Bread - A delicious Oatmeal Bread machine bread made with a mixture of flours and steel cut oats.
Old-Style Pumpernickel - Made in a Pullman pan using stale Einkorn bread.
Pizza Dough - Whole grain pizza crust made with the grain of the ancients.
Pumpkin Bread - Quick bread made with olive oil and ancient whole wheat flour.
Pumpkin Yeast Bread - This Pumpkin Yeast Bread is made with 80% extraction Einkorn flour.
Roasted Garlic & Potato Bread - Made with Einkorn.
Sesame Crackers - Whole grain crackers with sesame seeds.
Scones - Chocolate chip scones with Spelt and Einkorn.
Soda Crackers - Homemade herb soda crackers
Sourdough Bread - Sourdough bread made with an Einkorn sourdough starter and flour.
Sourdough Banana Bread - Banana bread made with a sourdough starter as the leavening.
Sourdough Crackers - With einkorn & barley flours.
Sourdough Multigrain Bread - With ancients grains and an overnight soaker.
Sourdough Starter - Developing a sourdough starter using ancient wheat flour.
Spelt & Einkorn Party Brot - Brown and white rolls with poppy seeds and spelt flakes.
Sprouted Einkorn Bread - A delicious sprouted bread made with sprouted grains and all purpose flour.
Sprouted Bread with no Flour - One of the keys to success with this sprouted bread is to only let the grains sprout until the tiny sprouts are just barely beginning to show.
Homegrown Whole Grains by Sara Pitzer